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Jan 19, 2022, 6:15 am

Little Valley Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) Site

EPA Identifier: NY0001233634
CERCLIS ID: NY0001233634
Location:
42.236667, -78.766944

Address:
INTERSECT OF RTES 242, 353, AND BAKER RD
Little Valley, NY

Final Date: 19960617


Aerial View Over Time

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Programs: {CERCLIS}
Program Interests:
SUPERFUND NPL

Site Summary:
Federal Register Notice:  June 17, 1996 (PDF) (23 pp, 335K, About PDF)

Conditions at Proposal (October 1995): The Little Valley site is located in a primarily rural and agricultural area between the Village of Little Valley and the City of Salamanca, New York. Approximately 13 years ago the Cattaraugus County Health Department (CCHD) and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) identified trichloroethene (TCE) in nearby private wells. A plume of TCE has been documented to extend approximately 6 miles toward the City of Salamanca.

Possible sources of ground water contamination include a former Envirotech drum storage area, a private disposal site next to the former drum storage area, the 9th Street Landfill (an inactive municipal landfill), and facilities operated by King Windows and Bush Industries. NYSDEC has installed a number of monitoring wells in the area to investigate possible sources for the contamination.

NYSDEC and CCHD first discovered TCE in private wells among residences along Route 353 in 1982. TCE was again detected in private drinking water wells between Little Valley and Salamanca at levels above the New York State drinking water standards for public water supplies. Some of the highest concentrations were found just south of the Village of Little Valley. Sampling results show a plume of TCE that extends about 6 miles from the southern end of Little Valley to the northern edge of Salamanca, which is part of the Allegheny Indian Reservation.

On September 1, 1995 the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry recommended separating individuals from the release. CCHD, the New York State Department of Health, and EPA Region 2 believe that the release poses a significant threat to public health. EPA Region 2 anticipates that it will be more cost-effective to use remedial authority rather than removal authority to respond to the release.

Status (June 1996): EPA is considering various alternatives for the site.

Institutional Controls:
Media Where IC Applies
(Multiple entries where more than one pathway is impacted)
Restriction Type Instrument
Ground Water
Limit Ground Water Use Activities
Letters were sent to properties at 300-306 Sixth Avenue and to 312 Fair Oaks Street as well as to the Village and Town of Little Valley and the City of Salmanca. These letters were notification that groundwater is contaminated with TCE above groundwater standards and the groundwater should not be used without treatment. After this initial notification, the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the New York State Department of Health, and/or the Cattaraugus County Health Department will periodically meet with or notify local governmental agencies to remind them that if any unimproved parcel, where the underlying groundwater is contaminated with TCE above groundwater standards, is developed the groundwater should not be used without treatment.
 
The link to this document is currently unavailable. Please contact the regional contacts listed for more information.
Document Issuance, Implementation  December 22, 2005