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Jan 20, 2022, 12:44 pm

Fort Hartford Coal Co. Stone Quarry Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) Site

EPA Identifier: KYD980844625
CERCLIS ID: KYD980844625
Location:
37.538889, -86.702769

Address:
DAVIDSON STATION RD
Olaton, KY

Final Date: 19900830


Aerial View Over Time

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Programs: {CERCLIS,ICIS}
Program Interests:
FORMAL ENFORCEMENT ACTION, SUPER

Site Summary:
Federal Register Notice:  August 30, 1990

Conditions at proposal (June 24, 1988): The Fort Hartford Coal Co., Inc., Stone Quarry in Olaton, Ohio County, originally provided limestone for parkway construction in western Kentucky. Since 1981, the 100-acre area has been used to store secondary dross (a by-product of aluminum recycling) from Barmet Aluminum Corp.'s smelter in Livia, Kentucky. According to Fort Hartford Coal, by late 1986 Barmet had deposited more than 712,000 tons of dross into the quarry. Dross contains heavy metals (including barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, copper, and manganese) and reacts violently with water to form several gases, including ammonia. EPA detected ammonia in the air around the storage areas during a December 1986 inspection.

In 1984, the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection found high levels of ammonia in an unnamed stream that originates in the waste. Run-off from the quarry flows into the Rough River, which is used for recreational activities. The waste was deposited below the water table, thus threatening ground water. An estimated 700 people obtain drinking water from wells and springs within 3 miles of the site.

Status (January 1990): Barmet contested the proposed listing of the Fort Hartford Site and filed a civil action against EPA and the State on November 8, 1988 in the U.S. District Court. In November 1988, Barmet also filed for a Temporary Restraining Order to keep EPA from (1) placing this site and the Brantley Landfill Site on the final NPL until their comments had been addressed and (2) keep EPA from sending letters to other parties potentially responsible for wastes associated with the sites informing them of their potential liability. After the request for this order was denied, EPA sent the letters.

In December 1988, EPA, in response to a citizen's complaint, identified two areas where the quarry roof had collapsed on his property. Subsequently, additional roof collapse areas were identified that provide actual or potential pathways by which water can drain into the dross storage areas.

In January 1989, EPA sampled area private wells. No evidence was found of contamination from dross stored at the site. However, two samples had elevated levels of manganese and/or iron. Storage operations continue. By October 1989, 1.2 million tons of dross were in the quarry.

On September 20, 1989, EPA and Barmet signed a CERCLA Administrative Order on consent requiring Barmet to conduct a remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS) to determine the type and extent of contamination at the site and identify alternatives for remedial action. Barmet submitted an Expedited Response Action Plan on October 20, 1989 under the order. Barmet will (1) identify all areas where waste is in contact with water and where water is entering the quarry and (2) isolate wastes from water.

Institutional Controls:
Media Where IC Applies
(Multiple entries where more than one pathway is impacted)
Restriction Type Instrument
Soil
Prohibit Disturbance of Soil
A. Prohibited Uses. No residential use of the Impacted Area shall be permitted. This shall include any residence or dwelling, including a house, apartment, or condominium, or other purposes with a similar potential for human exposure. B. Prohibited Activities. i. Groundwater at the Property shall not be used for drinking or other domestic purposes. ii. Except as necessary to protect human health, safety or the environment, no action shall be taken, allowed, suffered, or omitted within the Impacted Area if such action or omission is reasonably likely to: a. Create a risk of migration of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or a potential hazard to human health or the environment; or b. Result in a disturbance of the structural integrity of any engineering controls designed or utilized at the Impacted Area to contain hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or limit human exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants; iii. Soil Disturbances. Soil at the Impacted Area shall not be disturbed in any manner inconsistent with the approved Plan without the Owner(s) obtaining prior approval of the Director, Kentucky Division of Waste Management. iv. Construction. No building shall be constructed on the Impacted Area, without the Owner(s) obtaining prior approval of the Director, Kentucky Division of Waste Management.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  September 01, 2006  [38 pages, 1,718.9Kb   ]
 

ENSAFE
Ginny Gray-Davis , Consultant


Ground Water
Prohibit Ground Water Well Installation/Construction
A. Prohibited Uses. No residential use of the Impacted Area shall be permitted. This shall include any residence or dwelling, including a house, apartment, or condominium, or other purposes with a similar potential for human exposure. B. Prohibited Activities. i. Groundwater at the Property shall not be used for drinking or other domestic purposes. ii. Except as necessary to protect human health, safety or the environment, no action shall be taken, allowed, suffered, or omitted within the Impacted Area if such action or omission is reasonably likely to: a. Create a risk of migration of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or a potential hazard to human health or the environment; or b. Result in a disturbance of the structural integrity of any engineering controls designed or utilized at the Impacted Area to contain hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or limit human exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants; iii. Soil Disturbances. Soil at the Impacted Area shall not be disturbed in any manner inconsistent with the approved Plan without the Owner(s) obtaining prior approval of the Director, Kentucky Division of Waste Management. iv. Construction. No building shall be constructed on the Impacted Area, without the Owner(s) obtaining prior approval of the Director, Kentucky Division of Waste Management.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  September 01, 2006  [38 pages, 1,718.9Kb   ]
 

ENSAFE
Ginny Gray-Davis , Consultant