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Jan 20, 2022, 12:58 pm

Brantley Landfill Superfund National Priorities List (NPL) Site

EPA Identifier: KYD980501019
CERCLIS ID: KYD980501019
Location:
37.44625, -87.156111

Address:
HWY 85
Island, KY

Final Date: 19900221


Aerial View Over Time

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Programs: {CERCLIS}
Program Interests:
SUPERFUND NPL

Site Summary:
Federal Register Notice:  February 21, 1990

Conditions at proposal (June 24, 1988): Brantley Landfill covers 4 acres on the west side of Island, McLean County, Kentucky. In 1979, Doug Brantley & Sons, Inc., received a State solid waste permit for disposal of secondary dross (a by-product of aluminum recycling) from Barmet Aluminum Corp.'s smelter in Livia, Kentucky. According to Barmet, the Brantley Landfill contains 250,000 tons of aluminum dross. Dross contains heavy metals (including barium, cadmium, chromium, lead, copper, and manganese) and reacts violently with water to form several gases, including ammonia. The landfill closed in October 1980.

The Kentucky Division of Air Pollution Control (KDAPC) has received numerous complaints of ammonia odor from residents in the area. EPA detected ammonia in the air around the site during an inspection in December 1986. KDAPC has cited Doug Brantley & Sons for odor and dust emissions from this facility. Approximately 60 persons live within 0.25 mile of the site and could be affected by release of contaminants into the air.

The waste was deposited below the water table, thus threatening ground water. An estimated 2,000 people obtain drinking water from public and private wells within 3 miles of the site. A private well is 2,600 feet from the site.

Status (February 21, 1990): Barmet contested the proposed listing of the site and filed a civil action against EPA and the State on November 8, 1988 in the U.S. District Court. In November 1988, Barmet also filed for a Temporary Restraining Order to (1) keep EPA from placing this site and the Fort Howard Coal Co., Inc., Stone Quarry on the final NPL until their comments had been addressed and (2) keep EPA from sending letters to other parties potentially responsible for wastes associated with the sites informing them of their potential liability. After the request for this order was denied, EPA sent the letters.

On January 10, 1990, EPA and Barmet signed an Administrative Order on Consent under CERCLA Sections 104(a)(1) and 122(d)(3). Under this order and with EPA oversight, Barmet will conduct a remedial investigation/feasibility study to determine the type and extent of contamination at the site and identify alternatives for remedial action.

Institutional Controls:
Media Where IC Applies
(Multiple entries where more than one pathway is impacted)
Restriction Type Instrument
expand Soil
Prohibit Disturbance of Soil
(p. 2) Section 2. Restrictions Applicable to the Property.) Except for those activities conducted under the Plan and Operations and Maintenance activities, and for so long as this Declaration is in effect, the use, occupancy, and activity of and at the Property are restricted as follows: A. Use. No residential use of the Property shall be permitted within the Area A portion of the Property. Residential use of the Area B portion of the Property shall continue to be permitted. B. Groundwater. Groundwater within the Area A and Area B portions of the Property shall not be used for drinking or other domestic purposes. C. Disturbance of Hazardous Substances, Pollutants or Contaminants. Except as necessary to protect human health, safety or the environment, no action shall be taken or allowed within both Area A and Area B of the Property if such action or omission is reasonably likely to: (i) create a risk of migration of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or a potential hazard to human health or the environment; or (ii) result in a disturbance of the structural integrity of any engineering controls designed or utilized within the Property to contain hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or limit human exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants. Prior to any construction activity or disturbance of any cap placed within Area A of the Property, Commonwealth Aluminum, or its successors and assigns, shall submit to the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Cabinet a written rationale for the disturbance and detailed plans of the proposed construction for its review and written approval. No such construction activity or disturbance in this Area A portion of the Property is permitted without this prior written approval: D. Soil Disturbances. Soil within the Area A portion of the Property shall not be disturbed in any manner. E. Construction. No building shall be constructed within the Area A portion of the Property. F. The use and all access to the Area A portion of the Property shall be limited to authorized parties identified in the Access Agreement, including authorized representatives of Commonwealth Aluminum. The Owner?s right of entry or use of the entire portion of Area A is restricted by this instrument unless otherwise permitted by Commonwealth Aluminum and the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  June 20, 2005  [12 pages, 589.1Kb   ]
 
Ground Water
Limit Ground Water Use Activities
(p. 2 ) Section 2. Restrictions Applicable to the Property.) Except for those activities conducted under the Plan and Operations and Maintenance activities, and for so long as this Declaration is in effect, the use, occupancy, and activity of and at the Property are restricted as follows: A. Use. No residential use of the Property shall be permitted within the Area A portion of the Property. Residential use of the Area B portion of the Property shall continue to be permitted. B. Groundwater. Groundwater within the Area A and Area B portions of the Property shall not be used for drinking or other domestic purposes. C. Disturbance of Hazardous Substances, Pollutants or Contaminants. Except as necessary to protect human health, safety or the environment, no action shall be taken or allowed within both Area A and Area B of the Property if such action or omission is reasonably likely to: (i) create a risk of migration of hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or a potential hazard to human health or the environment; or (ii) result in a disturbance of the structural integrity of any engineering controls designed or utilized within the Property to contain hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants or limit human exposure to hazardous substances, pollutants or contaminants. Prior to any construction activity or disturbance of any cap placed within Area A of the Property, Commonwealth Aluminum, or its successors and assigns, shall submit to the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Cabinet a written rationale for the disturbance and detailed plans of the proposed construction for its review and written approval. No such construction activity or disturbance in this Area A portion of the Property is permitted without this prior written approval: D. Soil Disturbances. Soil within the Area A portion of the Property shall not be disturbed in any manner. E. Construction. No building shall be constructed within the Area A portion of the Property. F. The use and all access to the Area A portion of the Property shall be limited to authorized parties identified in the Access Agreement, including authorized representatives of Commonwealth Aluminum. The Owner?s right of entry or use of the entire portion of Area A is restricted by this instrument unless otherwise permitted by Commonwealth Aluminum and the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
 
Please Click Here to View Document
Document Issuance, Implementation  June 20, 2005  [12 pages, 589.1Kb   ]